Chairman Vincent C. Gray
Councilmember David A. Catania
Councilmember Phil Mendelson
A BILL IN THE COUNCIL OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Chairman Gray, and Councilmembers Catania and Mendelson introduced the
following bill, which was referred to the Committee on __________.
To amend the Legalization of Marijuana for Medical Treatment
Initiative of 1998 to define key terms; to limit the use of marijuana
for medicinal purposes to qualifying patients; to require written
recommendation from one's primary physician as a condition for the
medicinal use of marijuana; to clarify who may lawfully manufacture,
possess, distribute, or use marijuana; to clarify how a primary
caregiver may be designated; to limit the distribution of marijuana for
medicinal purposes to registered dispensaries; to require the parent or
guardian of a minor that is using marijuana for medicinal purposes to
control the minor's use; and to require the Mayor to issue rules to
regulate the manufacture, possession, distribution, and use of marijuana
for medicinal purposes.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE COUNCIL OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, That this act
may be cited as the "Legalization of Marijuana for Medical
Treatment Initiative Amendment Act of 2010".
Sec. 2. The Legalization of Marijuana for Medical Treatment
Initiative of 1998, transmitted on December 21, 2009 (D.C. Act 13-138)
is amended as follows:
(a) A new Section 2a is added to read as follows:
"For purposes of this act, the term:
"(1) "Department" means Department of Health for the
District of Columbia.
"(2) "Medical supply" means the quantity of
marijuana that is determined pursuant to section 10(a)(1)(E) of this
"(3) "Primary physician" means a physician who
maintains in good standing a license to practice medicine in the
District of Columbia who has primary responsibility for the care and
treatment of the qualifying patient.
"(4) "Qualifying patient" means a person who is
registered by the Department of Health pursuant section 10(a)(1)(A)(i)
of this act.".
(b) Section 2 is amended to read as follows:
"Sec. 2. Permissible Use of Marijuana for Medicinal Purposes.
"All qualifying patients have the right to obtain and use
marijuana for medical purposes when his or her primary physician has
provided a written recommendation that bears his or her signature and
license number asserting that the use of marijuana to be medically
necessary for the patient for the treatment of a qualifying medical
condition or to mitigate the side effects of a qualifying medical
(c) Section 3 is amended to read as follows:
"Sec. 3. Exemption to the Uniform Controlled Substances Act,
"(a) Qualifying patients who use marijuana for medicinal
purposes; primary caregivers who obtain marijuana for such patients;
and other person authorized to manufacture, possess, and distribute
marijuana for medical purposes by this act do not violate the District
of Columbia Uniform Controlled Substances Act of 1981, effective
August 5. 1981 (DC Law 4-29; DC Code 33-501 et seq.) ("Controlled
Substances Act") and are not subject to criminal prosecution or
sanction, provided that they are in compliance with this act and the
rules created under this act.
"(b) The use of marijuana under the authority of this act
shall not be a defense to any crime of violence, the crime of
operating a motor vehicle while impaired or intoxicated, or a crime
involving danger to another person or to the public, nor shall such
use negate the mens rea for any offense.
"(c) Whoever distributes marijuana cultivated, distributed or
intended to be distributed or used pursuant to this act to any person
not entitled to possess or distribute marijuana under this act shall
be guilty of a crime and subject to the penalty set forth in section
401(a)(2)(D) of the Controlled Substances Act (DC Code
(d) Section 4 is repealed.
(e) Section 5 is amended to read as follows:
"Sec. 5. Protection of Physicians from Sanction.
"Notwithstanding any other law, no physician shall be
punished, or denied any right, privilege or registration for
recommending, while acting in the course of his or her professional
practice, the use of marijuana for medical purposes. In any proceeding
in which rights or defenses created by this act are asserted, a
physician called as a witness shall be permitted to testify before a
judge, in camera. Such testimony, when introduced in a public
proceeding, if the physician witness so requests, shall have redacted
the name of the physician and the court shall maintain the name and
identifying characteristics of the physician under seal.".
(e) Section 6 is amended to read as follows:
"Sec. 6. Scope of Exemption from Criminal Sanction.
"(a) Any District law prohibiting the possession of marijuana
or cultivation of marijuana shall not apply to a qualifying patient, a
qualifying patient's primary caregiver, or other persons authorized to
manufacture, distribute, or possess marijuana medical marijuana by
this act provided that he or she is in compliance with this act and
the rules created under this act. The exemption for cultivation shall
apply only to marijuana specifically grown to provide a medical supply
for a patient, and not to any marijuana grown for any other purpose.
"(b) The prohibition in the Controlled Substances Act against
the manufacture, distribution, cultivation, or possession with intent
to manufacture, distribute, or cultivate, or against possession, of
marijuana shall not apply to a registered dispensary or an employee of
a registered dispensary established pursuant to this act, provided
that the registered dispensary and registered employee is in
compliance with this act.".
(e) Section 7 is amended to read as follows:
"Sec. 7. Designation of Primary Caregivers.
"(a) A qualifying patient may designate one licensed health
care practitioner, spouse, domestic partner, case manager/worker, or
close friend, parent, sibling, child, or other close relative, to
serve as a primary caregiver to assist the qualifying patient's
medicinal use of marijuana for the purposes of this act. The
qualifying patient must register the primary caregiver with the
Department in compliance with the requirements of section 10 of this
"(b) For the purposes of this section, "close
friend" means a friend who is feeding, nursing, bathing, or
otherwise caring for the qualifying patient while the qualifying
patient is in a weakened condition.".
(f) Section 8 is repealed.
(g) Section 9 is amended to read as follows:
"Sec. 9. Application to Minors.
"(a) The exemption from prosecution for distribution of
marijuana under this act shall not apply to the distribution of
marijuana to any person under 18 years of age unless that person is an
emancipated minor, or a parent or legal guardian of the minor has
signed a written statement that such parent or legal guardian:
"(1) Understands the medical condition of the minor;
"(2) Understands the potential benefits and potential
adverse effects of the use of marijuana generally and in the case of
"(3) Consents to the use of marijuana for the treatment of
the minor's medical condition; and
"(4) Either consents to serve as the primary caregiver or
designates a person over the age of 18 to serve as the primary
caregiver. The primary caregiver for a minor shall control the
acquisition, possession, dosage, and frequency of use of marijuana
by the minor qualifying patient.
"(b) Violation of this section shall be subject to the
penalties of the Controlled Substances Act.".
(h) Section 10 is amended to read as follows:
"Sec. 10. Rulemaking.
"The Mayor, pursuant to Title I of the District of Columbia
Administrative Procedure Act, approved October 21, 1968 (82 Stat.
1204; D.C. Official Code § 2-501 et seq.), shall issue rules to
implement this act. The rules shall:
"(1) Create a closed system for the manufacture,
distribution, and use of medical marijuana including the following:
"(A) Require the following persons to register with the
Department which shall issue to each eligible person a registry
identification card that can be used by law enforcement to confirm
whether a person is authorized to manufacture, distribute,
possess, or use marijuana for medical purposes:
"(i) Qualifying patients;
"(ii) Primary caregivers; and
"(iii) Employees of registered dispensaries;
"(B) Require each dispensary to register with the
Department, provided that:
"(i) No more than 5 dispensaries may register to conduct
business in the District;
"(ii) No person with a misdemeanor conviction for a
drug-related offense or felony conviction shall own or work for
a registered dispensary; and
"(iii) No dispensary is located within 1,000 feet of a
school or youth center.
"(C) Require each owner and employee of a dispensary to
register with the Department;
"(D) Require each qualifying patient to register which
dispensary from which he or she will receive his or her medical
"(E) Determine what quantity of marijuana constitutes an
adequate medical supply of marijuana for a 30 day period and
prohibit dispensaries from dispensing more than that quantity to
any qualifying patient in any given 30 day period;
"(F) Determine what quantity of marijuana a dispensary is
permitted to manufacture to ensure that it will be able to provide
its patients with an adequate medical supply of marijuana for the
qualifying patients registered to receive marijuana from the
"(G) Determine the quantity of marijuana a dispensary may
manufacture in order to provide an adequate medical supply to the
number of qualifying patients that the Department anticipates will
register in the near future to receive marijuana from each
"(H) Prohibit dispensaries from manufacturing more than
that quantity of marijuana described in subparagraphs (F) and (G);
"(I) Require dispensaries to maintain detailed and
accurate medical records that specify at least the following:
"(i) The quantity of marijuana the dispensary sold, to
whom, and on what date;
"(ii) The quantity of medical marijuana the dispensary
"(iii) How the dispensary disposed of any marijuana that
was manufactured but not purchased by a qualifying patient,
including evidence of the disposal of the marijuana.
"(J) Require each dispensary to have and implement a
security plan to prevent the theft or diversion of marijuana,
including maintaining all marijuana in a secure, locked room
that is accessible only to authorized persons.
"(K) Create a framework for regulation and enforcement of
the rules, including frequent unannounced inspections of each
dispensary to ensure that dispensaries are in compliance with all
applicable laws and rules. Any violations of criminal law
discovered during an inspection shall be reported to local law
"(L) Revoke the registration of any dispensary that
violates the rules or provisions of this act.
"(M) Set a registration and renewal fees for qualifying
patients, as well as a sliding scale fee system for qualifying
patients experiencing financial hardship based on the qualifying
patient's family income. The fees collected shall be applied
toward the cost of administering this act.
"(N) Set a registration and renewal fee for dispensaries
that shall be sufficient to offset the expenses related to
administering this act.
"(2) Establish a list of qualifying medical conditions,
which are the medical conditions that result in a medical necessity
for the medicinal use of marijuana, and a list of qualifying medical
treatments, which are a list of medical treatments which have side
effects that result in a medical necessity for the medicinal use of
marijuana. In order to be a qualifying medical condition or a
qualifying medical treatment, the medical condition or the side
effects of the medical treatment shall:
"(A) Be chronic or long-lasting,
"(B) Be debilitating or interfere with the basic functions
of life, and be either:
"(i) Produce intractable pain which does not respond to
ordinary medical or surgical measures, or
"(ii) Be a serious medical condition that cannot be
effectively treated by any ordinary medical or surgical measure.
"(3) Require registered dispensaries to regularly
distribute to all qualifying patients information created by the
Department to education qualifying patients and their caregivers
about potential harmful drug interactions while using marijuana
for medicinal purposes and the importance of communicating one's
use of marijuana to one's health care providers, including one's
pharmacist, in order to prevent harmful drug interactions.
"(4) Provide for the safe and affordable distribution of
marijuana to all qualifying patients who are unable to afford to
purchase a sufficient supply of medical marijuana with their
current family income and existing resources.".
Sec. 3. Applicability.
Section 2(a)-(g) shall not apply until the Mayor has issued rules in
accordance with section 2(h) of this act.
Sec. 4. Fiscal Impact Statement.
The Council adopts the fiscal impact statement in the committee
report as the fiscal impact statement required by section 602(c)(3) of
the District of Columbia Home Rule Act, as amended, approved December
24, 1973 (87 Stat. 813; D.C. Official Code § 1-206.02(c)(3)).
Sec. 5. Effective Date.
This act shall take effect following approval by the Mayor (or in the
event of veto by the Mayor, action by the Council to override the veto),
a 30-day period of Congressional review as provided in section 602(c)(1)
of the District of Columbia Home Rule Act, as amended, approved December
24, 1973 (87 Stat. 813; D.C. Official Code § 1-206.02(c)(1), and publication
in the District of Columbia Register.