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|Councilmember Sandra (Sandy) Allen
Councilmember Jim Graham
A BILL IN THE COUNCIL OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Councilmembers Allen and Graham introduced the following bill, which was referred to the Committee on Human Services.
To provide for coverage of community-based attendant services and supports under the Medicaid Program for persons with disabilities; to establish and enhance a comprehensive system of consumer-responsive long-term services and supports in the most integrated setting possible, to authorize a needs assessment for persons currently being provided with services and supports in institutional settings; to create a Task Force to assist the District of Columbia in creating an initiative to provide coverage of community-based attendant services and supports; and to provide for quality assurance in the provision of coverage for of community-based attendant services and supports.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE COUNCIL OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, That this act may be cited as the "Medicaid Community Attendant Services and Supports Act of 2001 ".
Sec. 2. For the purposes of this Act, the term:
(1) "Activities of daily living" includes eating, toileting, grooming, dressing, bathing, and transferring.
2) "Agency-provider model" means, with respect to the provision of community attendant services and supports for an individual, a method of providing consumer-directed services and supports under which a single entity contracts for the provision of such services and supports.
(3)(A) "Attendant services and supports" includes:
(v) home modifications.
(4) "Community attendant services and supports" means attendant services and supports furnished to an individual, as needed, to assist in accomplishing activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, and health-related functions through hands-on assistance and supervision;
(5) "Consumer directed" means methods of providing services and supports that allow the individual, or, where appropriate, the individual's representative, maximum control of the community attendant services and supports, regardless of who acts as the employer of record.
(6) "Delivery models" includes both agency provider models and other models for provision of consumer-directed services and supports.
(7) "Flexibility in transition to community-based home setting" includes expenditures for transitional costs, such as rent and utility deposits, first month's rent and utilities, bedding, basic kitchen supplies, and other necessities required for an individual to make the transition from a nursing facility or intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded to a community-based home setting where the person resides.
(8) "Health-related functions" means functions that can be delegated or assigned by a licensed health-care professional under District of Columbia law to be performed by an attendant.
(9) "Individual's representative" means a parent, a family member, a guardian, an advocate, or an authorized representative of an individual.
(10) "Instrumental activities of daily living" includes meal planning and preparation, financial management, shopping for food, clothing, and other essential items, performing essential household chores, communicating by phone and other media, and getting around and participating in the community.
(11) "Other models" means methods, other than an agency-provider model, for provision of consumer-directed services and supports. Such models may include the provision of vouchers, direct cash payments, or use of a fiscal agent to assist in obtaining services.
Sec. 3. This act shall require coverage of community attendant services and supports for individuals entitled to nursing facility services or those eligible for intermediate care facility services for the mentally retarded under the Medicaid Program. These services and supports shall be delivered to the individual in the most integrated community setting appropriate to the unique needs and desires of the individual receiving the services.
Sec. 4. (1) The Mayor shall establish and maintain a quality assurance program that provides the following:
(2) The Mayor shall modify the quality assurance program, where appropriate, to maximize consumer independence and consumer-direction in both agency-provider and other models.
(3) The Mayor shall monitor the quality of community attendant services and supports provided under this act through entities consisting of disabled persons and their representatives, disability organizations, providers, family, members of the community, and others.
(4) The Mayor shall provide ongoing monitoring of the health and well being of each individual receiving community attendant services and supports.
(5) The Mayor shall require a written plan be created for each individual receiving community attendant services and supports.
(6) The Mayor shall require quality assurance mechanisms appropriate for the individual be included in the individual's written plan.
(7) The Mayor shall establish a process for mandatory reporting, investigation, and resolution of allegations of neglect, abuse, or exploitation.
(8) The Mayor shall obtain meaningful consumer input, including consumer surveys, that measure the extent to which participants receive the services and supports described in the individual plan and the degree of participant satisfaction with such services and supports.
(9) The Mayor shall make available to the public the results of the quality assurance program.
(10) The Mayor shall establish an on-going public process for development, implementation, and review of the District of Columbia's quality assurance program as described in this subparagraph; and
(11) The Mayor shall develop sanctions for District of Columbia agencies which fail to comply with this act.
Sec. 5. (1) The Mayor shall conduct a needs assessment which shall include information about the number of persons within the District of Columbia who are receiving long-term services and supports in institutional settings, the nature and extent to which current programs respond to the preferences of individuals with disabilities to receive services in home and community-based settings as well as in institutional settings, and the expected change in demand for services provided in home and community settings as well as institutional settings.
(2) The Mayor shall identify, develop, and implement strategies for modifying policies, practices, and procedures that unnecessarily bias the provision of long-term services and supports toward institutional settings and away from home and community-based settings, including procedures governing policies, practices, and comparability in amount, scope and duration of services, financial eligibility, individualized functional assessments and screenings (including individual and family involvement), and knowledge about service options.
(3) The Mayor shall develop and implement strategies for modifying policies, practices, and procedures which bias the provision of long term services and supports by health care professionals to the extent that quality services and supports can be provided by other qualified individuals, including policies, practices, and procedures governing service authorization, case management and service coordination, service delivery options, quality controls, and supervision and training.
(4) The Mayor shall support activities to identify and coordinate Federal and District of Columbia policies, resources, and services relating to the provision of long-term services and supports. including the convening of interagency work groups and the entering into of interagency agreements that provide for a single point of entry and the design and implementation of coordinated screening and assessment system for all persons eligible for long-term services and supports.
(5) The Mayor shall provide training and technical assistance for individuals with disabilities, and, as appropriate, their representatives, attendants and personnel (including professionals, paraprofessionals, volunteers, and other members of the community). This assistance shall be provided either through a public agency, or by a private entity selected by the Mayor.
(6) The Mayor shall create a public awareness program to provide information regarding the availability of choices individuals with disabilities may select for receiving long term services and support in the most integrated setting appropriate to their needs.
(7) The Mayor shall fund the per capita increased fixed costs in institutional settings directly related to the movement of individuals with disabilities out of a specific facility into community-based settings.
(8) The Mayor shall provide transitional costs as provided under section 1915(g) of the Social Security Act, and interpreted in Attachment 3-b to the July 25, 2000 Letter to State Medicaid Directors from HCFA Director Timothy M. Westmoreland.
(9) The Mayor shall conduct, on a time-limited basis, the demonstration of new approaches to accomplishing the purposes described in section 2.
(10) The Mayor shall use funds available through grants from the federal government to implement any changes necessary to policies and procedures of District of Columbia agencies, or to the policies and procedures of entities regulated by the District of Columbia, other than the activities described in this section, that are necessary for developing, implementing, or evaluating the comprehensive District-wide system of long term services and supports.
Sec. 6. (1) The Mayor shall establish a task force to assist the District of Columbia in the development, implementation, and evaluation of an initiative moving individuals from institutional to home-based settings.
(2) The task force shall recommend sanctions for non-compliance with this act, and shall forward their recommendations to the Mayor for implementation.
(3) Members of the task force shall be appointed by the Mayor. The Mayor shall select members after soliciting recommendations from representatives of organizations representing a broad range of individuals with disabilities and organizations interested in disabilities.
(4) The Task Force shall represent a broad range of individuals with disabilities from diverse backgrounds and shall include representatives from organizations that provide services to individuals with disabilities, consumers of long-term services and supports, and disability advocacy organizations. A majority of Task Force members shall be individuals with disabilities or their representatives.
(5) The Task Force shall not include employees of the District of Columbia who provide services to individuals with disabilities other than employees of agencies described in section 124 of the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act approved October 17, 1984 (98 Stat. 2675; 42 U.S.C. §6024).
(6) Funds allocated under grants awarded to the District of Columbia pursuant to this section for a given fiscal year shall remain available until expended.
(7) The Mayor shall produce an annual report, to include the percentage increase in the number of eligible individuals in the District of Columbia who receive long term services and supports in the most integrated setting appropriate, including through community attendant services and supports and other community-based settings.
Sec. 7. Fiscal impact statement.
The Council adopts the fiscal impact statement in the committee report as the fiscal impact statement required by section 602(c)(3) of the District of Columbia Self-Government and Governmental Reorganization Act, approved December 24, 1973 (87 Stat. 813; D.C. Code §1-233(c)(3)).
Sec. 8. This act shall take effect following approval by the Mayor (or in the event of veto by the Mayor, action by the Council to override the veto), approval by the Financial Responsibility and Management Assistance Authority as provided in section 203(a) of the District of Columbia Financial Responsibility and Management Assistance Act of 1995, approved April 17, 1995 (109 Stat. 116; D.C. Code § 47-392.3(a)), a 30-day period of Congressional review as provided in section 602(c)(1) of the District of Columbia Home Rule Act, approved December 24, 1973 (87 Stat. 813; D.C. Code § 1-233(c)(1)), and publication in the District of Columbia Register.
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