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|A BILL IN THE COUNCIL OF THE DISTRICT OF
To establish on a temporary basis a uniform per student funding formula to determine annual payments to the District of Columbia Public Schools and annual payments to Public Charter Schools.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE COUNCIL OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. That this act may be cited as the "Uniform Per Student Funding Formula for Public Schools and Public Charter Schools Temporary Act of 1998".
Sec. 2. Definitions.
For the purposes of this act. the term:
(1) "Adult education" means services or instruction below the college level for adults who:
(2) "Alternative school" means a specialized program providing instruction to students under court supervision or short- and long-term suspension from a regular DCPS academic program.
(3) "Consumer Price Index" (CPI) means the Consumer Price Index for all urban consumers for Washington. DC-MD-VA, Index Base Period 1980-84 or its successor, as issued by the United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
(4) "District of Columbia Public Schools" (DCPS) means the system of public schools as a local education agency under the control of the Board of Education or of the Emergency Transitional Education Board of Trustees in their function. The term does not include Public Charter Schools.
(5) "Foundation" or "foundation level" means the amount of funding per weighted student needed to provide adequate regular education services to students. Regular education services do not include special education, language minority education, summer school capital costs, state education agency functions or services funded through federal and other non-appropriated revenue sources.
(6) "Full-time equivalent" means student enrollment for the equivalent of
(7) "Limited English Proficient/Non-English Proficient" (LEP/NEP) means students identified in accordance with federal law as entitled to English as a second language or bilingual services on the basis of their English language proficiency.
(8) "Per student funding formula" (formula) means the formula used to determine annual operating funding for DCPS and Public Charter Schools on a uniform per student basis, as directed by section 2401 of the School Reform Act of 1995 (110 Stat. 1321; D.C. Code 31-2853.41) (Reform Act).
(9) "Public Charter School'' means a publicly funded school established pursuant to sections 2201 through 2214 of the Reform Act; and except as provided pursuant to sections 2212(d)(5) and section 2213(c)(5) of the Reform Act that are not a part of the District of Columbia Public Schools.
(10) "Residential school'' means a DCPS or Public Charter School that provides students with room and board in a residential setting, in addition to their instructional program.
(11) "Special education'' means specialized services for students identified as having disabilities, as provided in §101(a)(1) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1401(a)(1)) or students who are individuals with a disabilities as provided in §7(8) of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C.. 706(8)).
(12) "State level costs" means costs incurred by the DCPS in its function as a state education agency, including the census of minors pursuant to Section I of An Act to provide for compulsory school attendance for the taking of a school consensus in the District of Columbia. and for other purposes. (43 Stat. 807): D.C. Code §31-404). impact aid surveys, issuance of work permits, conduct of hearings and appeals, employee certification, administration of federal aid to agencies or institutions outside of the D.C. Public Schools or Public Charter Schools administration. For purposes of the per student funding formula transportation of handicapped students and payment of tuition for private placements of handicapped children are considered state level costs.
(13) "Summer school" means an accelerated instructional program in the summer for students in targeted grades or grade spans pursuant to promotion policies.
(14) "Weighting" is a multiplication factor applied to the foundation cost for student counts in certain grade levels or special needs programs to account for differences in the cost of educating these populations.
Sec. 3. Applicability of formula.
(a) The per student funding formula shall apply to operating budget appropriations for resident students in DCPS and Public Charter Schools of the District of Columbia. The student count to which the formula is applied shall not include students enrolled in private institutions providing special education services paid by the District of Columbia or to non-resident students subject to the requirement of paying tuition pursuant to An Act to require the payment of tuition on account of certain persons who attend the public schools of the District of Columbia and for other purposes. (74 Stat. 853; D.C. Code §31-602).
(b) The formula shall apply only to operating budget appropriations from the District of Columbia General Fund for DCPS and for Public Charter Schools. It shall not apply to funds from federal or other revenue sources. nor to funds appropriated to other agencies and funds of the District of Columbia Government.
Sec. 4. Foundation level.
The foundation level or cost of providing public education services is $5,500 per student for FY 1999 and subsequent years. The foundation level may be revised in subsequent years in accordance with provisions for inflation and periodic review and revision of this formula. pursuant to sections 10 and 12 of this act.
Sec. 5. Weightings applied to counts of students enrolled at certain grade levels.
(a) The student counts at certain grade levels and in certain programs shall be weighted so as to provide an amount per student differing from the basic foundation level in accordance with the following schedule:
(b) The weighting for grades 9-12, ungraded senior high school students and alternative school students shall be phased in as follows:
Sec. 6. Supplement to foundation level funding on the basis of the count of special education. LEP/NEP, summer school, and residential school students.
(a) In addition to grade level allocations, supplemental allocations shall be provided on the basis of the count of students identified as entitled to and receiving in
(b) Supplemental allocations shall be provided for each student in full-time residence at a residential DCPS or Public Charter School.
(c) These supplemental allocations shall be calculated by application of the following weightings to the foundation level:
(d) The above weightings shall be applied cumulatively in the counts of students who fall into more than one of the above categories.
Sec. 7. Pupil count.
Annual appropriations pursuant to the formula shall be based on the number of resident students enrolled as of October 1 in the year preceding the fiscal year for which the appropriation is made. This count shall be verified by an independent audit, and after verification shall be transmitted to the Mayor, Council and the Authority no later than the following January 1. If said verification has not been transmitted by January 1, the Chair of the Committee on Education, Libraries and Recreation & Parks shall instruct the city auditor to determine the resident enrollment on the basis of the best evidence available, and this count. as certified by the city auditor shall be the basis for the annual appropriation.
Sec. 8. State level costs of District of Columbia Public Schools.
(a) Transportation for handicapped students, tuition payments for private placements for handicapped students. and state education agency functions of the DCPS system are not covered by the formula and shall be appropriated by the Mayor and Council as an amount in addition to that generated by the formula
(b) DCPS in its function as the state education agency for the District of Columbia shall perform all state education agency functions for Public Charter Schools as for private schools and for District of Columbia Public Schools in its function as a local education agency.
Sec. 9. Facilities allowance for Public Charter Schools.
(a) The FY 1999 Facility Allowance for Public Charter Schools will be determined by the following formula: The total funds being estimated from all sources for the FY 1998 DCPS capital improvement program will be divided by the SY 1997-1998 DCPS pupil count as defined in section 7 of this Act, to determine the "DCPS per pupil facility cost" cost for FY 1999. For FY 1999 only. this DCPS per pupil facility cost will be multiplied by the number of students estimated to be attending each public charter school in SY 1998-1999 to determine the actual facility allowance payments to be received by each charter school in FY 1999.
(b) For FY 2000 and succeeding fiscal years, the Facility Allowance for Pubic Charter Schools will be determined as described in (a) above, except that the DCPS per pupil facility cost for FY 2000 will be averaged with the DCPS per pupil facility cost for FY 1999. to determine the Public Charter School per pupil Facility Allowance for FY 2000. The FY 2000 Public Charter School per pupil facility allowance will then be multiplied by the number of students estimated to be attending each Public Charter School in SY 1999-2000 to determine the actual facility allowance payments to be received by each Charter School in FY 2000. This "moving average" will add one year each year until a total of five years are included in the calculations. Thereafter the calculations will include the most recent five years.
(c) If supplemental funds for the capital improvement program are received by DCPS during any given fiscal year, the total of those supplemental funds shall be added to that fiscal year's capital improvement program in determining that year's DCPS per pupil facility cost in the next fiscal year's calculations of the moving average.
(d) Request for Payment: To receive payments under this provision, a Public Charter School must submit an application to the D.C. Council Committee on Education by April 1 of the calendar year in which the fiscal year begins, indicating its estimated enrollment for the next fiscal year and requesting payment of the Facility Allowance.
(e) Payment of the facility Allowance to each Public Charter School which has applied will be made on the made on the same schedule as required for the payment of the Per Pupil Allotments for operating funds, that is, 75% in October and 25% by May 1st of each school year.
Sec. 10. Cost of education adjustment.
The foundation level shall be increased annually by the average percentage increase in the CPI for the preceding calendar year, or by 4%. whichever is less.
Sec. l1. Procedure for adjusting appropriation in case of revenue unavailability. .
If in any given year the Council finds that full funding of the formula from local revenues is inconsistent with legal requirements for a balanced budget, then:
(a) The Council shall reduce the foundation level accordingly, and set a schedule for achieving or restoring full funding, however, funding shall not be less than 95% of the previous year's funding; and
(b) The Mayor, Council, Superintendent, CEO, Board of Education and the Emergency Transitional Education Board of Trustees shall use their best efforts to obtain temporary supplemental funding from other revenue sources.
Sec. 12. Periodic revision of formula.
(a) The Mayor and Council, in consultation with representatives of DCPS and of the Public Charter Schools, shall review and revise this formula within 2 years of its enactment, within 2 years thereafter, and once every 4 years subsequently. Revisions shall be based upon information and data including study of actual costs of education in the District of Columbia, consideration of performance incentives created by the formula in practice, research in education and education finance, and public comment.
(b) The study of actual costs of education pursuant to section I 2(a) shall include but not be limited to the following:
Sec 13. Variations in per pupil allocations not binding on expenditures of recipient schools.
Variations from uniformity in the formula are not intended as an exercise of the Council's line-item authority over the DCPS budget. Allocations by the count of students in certain grade levels and programs are intended only to generate total appropriation amounts on a per student basis.
Sec 14. The application of the formula shall apply only to charter schools until DCPS' student enrollment count is verified by an independent audit.
Sec. 15. Fiscal impact statement.
The Council adopts the fiscal impact statement in the committee report as the fiscal impact statement required by section 602(c)(3 ) of the District of Columbia Home Rule Act, approved December 24, 1973. (87 Stat. 813: D.C. Code §233(c)(3)).
Sec. 16. (a) This act shall take effect following approval by the Mayor (or in the event of veto by the Mayor or action by Council to override the veto), approval by the Financial Responsibility Management Assistance Authority as provided in section 203(a) of the District of Columbia Financial Responsibility and Management Assistance Act of 1995, approved April 17, 1995 (109 Stat.116: D.C. Code §47-392.3(a)). and a 30-day period of Congressional review as provided in section 602(c)(1) of the District of Columbia Home Rule Act, approved December 24, 1973 (87 Stat. 813; D.C. Code §1-233(c)(1), and publication in the District of Columbia Register.
(b) This act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.
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